What is a Bunion?
The bony bump just behind your big toe is called a bunion. It develops because the bone just behind the big toe spreads out.
Feet get wider and flatter as we mature. The big toe begins to drift towards the second toe because the tendons pull it in that direction. Bunions typically happen to adults as the feet begin their natural changes of flattening and getting wider, but they can be genetic and so sometimes (very rarely) even little kids develop them very early.
What Causes a Bunion to Form?
At the root of the problem, a bunion forms due to instability of the joints of the foot and the environment that foot is exposed to. For example, if the arch of the foot is unstable and that person wears shoes that don’t support the foot, or possibly shoes that restrict the motion of the toes, and if that person is quite active, then the foot becomes excessively strained and the joints drift out of position. Over time, this instability leads to more crooked joints.
Sometimes bunions run in families. You probably look like your mom or dad right? Well. the bony structure of your face is inherited, and so is the shape of other parts of your skeleton like your feet. Sometimes even little children are born with bunions.
What are the Symptoms of Bunions?
The most apparent symptom of a bunion is the bulging, bony bump found behind the big toe. Additionally, there can be redness, swelling, and soreness around the first MTPJ if it gets strained or shoes rub on it. Calluses are common—typically these are on the joint of the big toe and metatarsal head (the bone just behind the big toe). Sometimes the joint becomes stiff and painful.
How is a Bunion Treated?
When it comes to bunion treatment, you can start with giving it plenty of room in a soft, wide shoe, preferably with heels less than 2” high. Bunion pads may help if your shoe still rubs too much. If you don’t have certain medical conditions, then Tylenol or Advil pain medications may help some, but check with your doctor prior to taking any medications.
If that doesn’t really help or you would like to explore those options further, then it’s time to make your appointment with Foot and Ankle Center of Oklahoma. We will begin with conservative treatment methods to see if they can achieve the pain relief you need. These include the use of medication, splinting, and premade arch supports or custom made functional orthotics. Our goal with these tactics is to relieve the pressure and pain that comes with the bony protrusion, slow down the progression of the deformity, and keep you as active as possible.
After conservative (nonsurgical) procedures have been tried, it may be time to consider getting it “fixed.” We will carefully discuss your procedure options, including what you can expect with regard to outcome and healing times. You can find comfort in the fact that our staff has the experience, knowledge and skill to successfully handle this for you. Foot surgery may be a nuisance, but we are here to help you do the right thing for your feet and help them be the best they can be for the rest of your life!
Expert Bunion Care in Oklahoma City
Don’t let bunions give you the blues! Get the effective bunion care you need here at Foot and Ankle Center of Oklahoma. Our Oklahoma City office is prepared to restore your feet to health today with state-of-the-art technology and caring, highly-skilled professionals. Give us a call at (405) 418-2676 or schedule an appointment online so we can start treating your condition and you can go back to living life on your terms!
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